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  1. Há 3 dias · For other uses, see Spinoza (disambiguation). Baruch ( de) Spinoza [b] (24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677), also known under his Latinized pen name Benedictus de Spinoza, was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese-Jewish origin.

  2. Há 2 dias · Friedrich Nietzsche. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche [ii] (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy.

  3. › wiki › Noam_ChomskyNoam Chomsky - Wikipedia

    Há 20 horas · He is a laureate professor of linguistics at the University of Arizona and an institute professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Among the most cited living authors, Chomsky has written more than 150 books on topics such as linguistics, war, and politics.

  4. Há 1 dia · Gottlob Frege, the father of analytic philosophy. Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) was a German geometry professor at the University of Jena who is understood as the father of analytic philosophy. Frege proved influential as a philosopher of mathematics in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.

  5. Há 3 dias · A metafísica é uma das áreas da filosofia que investiga os princípios, as estruturas e a natureza da realidade. Alguns dos conceitos abordados pela metafísica incluem: Existência e essência; Identidade e mudança; Causa e efeito; Substância e atributos; Tempo e espaço; Determinismo e livre arbítrio;

  6. › wiki › AristotleAristotle - Wikipedia

    Há 3 dias · Aristotle [A] ( Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher and polymath. His writings cover a broad range of subjects spanning the natural sciences, philosophy, linguistics, economics, politics, psychology, and the arts. As the founder of the Peripatetic school of ...

  7. › wiki › HeraclitusHeraclitus - Wikipedia

    Há 20 horas · Heraclitus believed fire was the arche, the fundamental stuff of the world. In choosing an arche Heraclitus followed the Milesians before him – Thales with water, Anaximander with apeiron ( lit. boundless or infinite), and Anaximenes with air. Heraclitus also thought the logos ( lit. word, discourse, or reason) gave structure to the world. Life.