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  1. Há 3 horas · A Doctor of Philosophy ( PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin: philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is a terminal degree that usually denotes the highest level of academic achievement in a given discipline and is awarded following a course of graduate study and original research. The name of the degree is most often abbreviated PhD (or, at times ...

  2. Há 1 dia · Ralph Waldo Emerson(May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882),[2]who went by his middle name Waldo,[3]was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, abolitionist, and poet who led the Transcendentalistmovement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualismand critical thinking, as well as a prescient critic of the countervailing ...

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Max_WeberMax Weber - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · Signature. Maximilian Karl Emil Weber ( / ˈveɪbər /; German: [maks ˈveːbɐ]; 21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, historian, jurist, and political economist who was one of the central figures in the development of sociology and the social sciences more generally. His ideas continue to influence social theory and research .

  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › WahhabismWahhabism - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · The legal approach is characterized by taking from all law schools through Scriptural precedents to sustain a legal system compatible with modernity. [198] In opposition to the Taqlid doctrine, Wahhabi scholars advocated the proof-evaluation theory which believes in the continuous appearance of absolute Mujtahids ( Mujtahid Mutlaq ) and claims an 'Ijma (scholarly consensus) that the doors of ...

  5. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ibn_TaymiyyaIbn Taymiyya - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · Ibn Taymiyya [a] ( Arabic: ٱبْن تَيْمِيَّة; 22 January 1263 – 26 September 1328) [11] was a Sunni Muslim scholar, [12] [13] [14] jurist, [15] [16] traditionist, ascetic, and proto-Salafi [b] and iconoclastic theologian. [17] [14] He is known for his diplomatic involvement with the Ilkhanid ruler Ghazan Khan at the Battle of Marj ...

  6. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Bill_GatesBill Gates - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · The Maxwell Dworkin Laboratory of the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is named after the mothers of both Gates and Microsoft President Steven A. Ballmer, both of whom were students (Ballmer was a member of the school's graduating class of 1977, while Gates left his studies for Microsoft), and donated funds for the laboratory's construction.

  7. Há 3 horas · Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is the marriage of two people of the same legal sex. As of 2024, marriage between same-sex couples is legally performed and recognized in 36 countries, with a total population of 1.5 billion people (20% of the world's population).