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  1. A Malásia Insular limita a oeste e a norte com o mar da China Meridional, a norte com o Brunei, a leste com o mar de Sulu e a sul com a Indonésia, fazendo fronteira marítima com as Filipinas a norte e a leste. A capital do país é Kuala Lumpur, sendo Putrajaia a sede do governo federal.

    • Kuala Lumpur
  2. 19 de ago. de 2021 · Kuala Lumpur é a capital da Malásia por concentrar os negócios e ser a maior cidade do país. Uma cidade que mescla modernidade e culturas diferentes. A história de Kuala Lumpur é recente se comparada às históricas cidades de Malaca e George Town.

    • Overview
    • History
    • The contemporary city

    Kuala Lumpur, capital of Malaysia. The city is located in west-central Peninsular (West) Malaysia, midway along the west coast tin and rubber belt and about 25 miles (40 km) east of its ocean port, Port Kelang, on the Strait of Malacca. It is the country’s largest urban area and its cultural, commercial, and transportation centre. In 1972 Kuala Lumpur was designated a municipality, and in 1974 this entity and adjacent portions of surrounding Selangor state became a federal territory.

    Kuala Lumpur lies in hilly country astride the confluence of the Kelang and Gombak rivers; its name in Malay means “muddy estuary.” Malaysia’s Main Range rises nearby to the north, east, and southeast. The climate is equatorial, with high temperatures and humidity that vary little throughout the year. The area receives about 95 inches (2,400 mm) of rain annually; June and July are the driest months. Area federal territory, 94 square miles (243 square km). Pop. (2009 est.) city, 1,493,000; (2020) federal territory, 1,982,112.

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    The origin of Kuala Lumpur dates to 1857, when a group of 87 Chinese tin miners founded a settlement at what is now the suburb of Ampang. Strategically commanding both river valleys, the community flourished as a tin-collecting centre despite its malaria-infested jungle location. In 1880 Kuala Lumpur superseded Klang (now Kelang) as the state capital, and its rapid growth thereafter has been attributed to Sir Frank Swettenham, British resident after 1882. He initiated construction on the Klang–Kuala Lumpur Railway and encouraged the use of brick and tile in buildings as a precaution against fire and as an aid to better health. The city’s central position led to its choice as capital of the Federated Malay States (1895).

    The city was occupied by the Japanese (1942–45) in World War II. Its population greatly increased in the postwar years during a long (1948–60) communist-led guerrilla insurgency, and under a resettlement program new villages were established on the city’s outskirts. Kuala Lumpur became the capital of the independent Federation of Malaya in 1957 and of Malaysia in 1963. Growth continued, spurred by industrial development; the population reached a half million in the mid-1960s and passed one million in the early 1980s. Population growth brought increased congestion, however, which, with Malaysian government offices scattered across the city, hampered administration. Consequently, many of the federal offices were moved to the new city of Putrajaya, about 15 miles (25 km) south of Kuala Lumpur, about the turn of the 21st century. Putrajaya subsequently became the country’s administrative centre, while Kuala Lumpur remained the capital.

    The city comprises a mixture of modern and traditional architecture; such structures as glass-and-concrete skyscrapers, elegant mosques, Chinese shop-houses (family-operated shops with the business on the ground floor and the family’s living space upstairs), squatters’ huts, and Malay stilt kampungs (“villages”) betray Western, Middle Eastern, East Asian, and local influences. While its centre along the embanked Kelang is heavily congested, its municipal area and suburbs are well planned. The commercial quarter, called the Golden Triangle, is concentrated on the river’s east side. Among its sleek high-rise buildings are two of the world’s tallest buildings: the 1,483-foot (452-metre) Petronas Twin Towers, designed by Argentine-American architect Cesar Pelli; and one of the tallest broadcasting and telecommunications masts, the 1,381-foot (421-metre) Kuala Lumpur Tower. Government buildings and the notable railway station (all influenced by Moorish design) are on the river’s hilly west bank. This nucleus is surrounded by a zone of Chinese two-story wooden shop-houses and mixed residential areas of Malay kampungs, modern bungalows, and middle-income brick flats. The exclusive Bukit Tunku (or Kenny Hills) sector is a showcase for upscale dwellings and other structures that blend multiple architectural styles.

    Malays, who are Muslim, are the city’s largest ethnic group. Despite the prevalence of domes and minarets associated with Islamic architecture, however, the non-Muslim Chinese dominate the city and its economy. The mostly Hindu Indian minority, connected historically with nearby rubber estates, also is substantial. Many Malays are employed in government service, and Kampung Baru is one of the city’s few concentrated Malay residential sections.

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    The industrial suburb of Sungai Besi (“Iron River”) has iron foundries and engineering works and factories that process food and soap. The Sentul and Ipoh Road area is the site of railway (assembly and construction) and engineering workshops and sawmills, and cement is manufactured at Rawang to the north. While Kuala Lumpur has diversified manufacturing, the focus of industrial planning is in the adjacent suburbs of Petaling Jaya and Batu Tiga, notably in the high-technology sector. Kuala Lumpur is the country’s centre of banking and finance; activities related to these and other services, including tourism, have become increasingly important. The local Batu Arang coalfield and the Connaught Bridge thermal electric power station near Kelang are the main sources, respectively, of the city’s fuel supply and power.

    Kuala Lumpur, with its central position in Peninsular Malaysia, is the hub of the peninsula’s transportation system, and rail lines and major roads radiate from it. Air service is largely through Kuala Lumpur International Airport, located about 30 miles (50 km) south at Sepang. The city itself has an extensive network of multilane roads and express highways, although these are inadequate for the growing number of cars and trucks. A light-rail public transit system—inaugurated in 1996 and now consisting of three interconnected lines—has eased traffic congestion somewhat.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Kuala Lumpur, também grafada como Cuala Lumpur, [3] Quala Lumpur [4] ou Cualalampur [5] (em malaio AFI: [/kwɑlɑlʊmpʊ/], popularmente AFI: [/kwɑləlʊmpɔ/] ou ainda AFI: [/kɔlɔmpɔ/]), [6] é a capital e a maior cidade da Malásia. [7] Ocupa uma área de 244 quilômetros quadrados e tem população estimada de 1,6 milhões de ...

    • Brasão de armas
    • Maju dan makmur, (Português: Progresso e prosperidade)
  4. Dados gerais sobre a Malásia. Nome oficial: Malásia. Gentílico: malásio. Extensão territorial: 330.621 km². Localização: sudeste da Ásia. Capital: Kuala Lumpur. Clima: tropical

  5. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › MalaysiaMalaysia - Wikipedia

    Kuala Lumpur is the national capital, the country's largest city, and the seat of the legislative branch of the federal government. Putrajaya is the administrative centre, which represents the seat of both the executive branch (the Cabinet , federal ministries, and federal agencies ) and the judicial branch of the federal government.

  6. Kuala Lumpur é a capital da Malásia e, como uma boa metrópole, tem muito a oferecer. Embora ainda não seja um destino muito popular entre os brasileiros (que geralmente optam pela vizinha Tailândia), a Malásia é um país riquíssimo pela sua pluralidade cultural e suas belezas naturais.