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Finnegans Wake é o último romance de James Joyce, publicado em 1939, e um dos grandes marcos da literatura experimental por ser escrito em uma linguagem composta pela fusão de outras palavras, em inglês e outras línguas, buscando uma multiplicidade de significados.
Finnegans Wake is a novel by Irish writer James Joyce. It is known for its experimental style and its reputation as one of the most difficult works of fiction in the Western canon. Written over a period of seventeen years and published in 1939, the novel was Joyce's final work.
- James Joyce
- 4 May 1939
- Plot summary
- Language in Finnegans Wake
Finnegans Wake, experimental novel by James Joyce. Extracts of the work appeared as Work in Progress from 1928 to 1937, and it was published in its entirety as Finnegans Wake in 1939.
Finnegans Wake is a complex novel that blends the reality of life with a dream world. The motive idea of the novel, inspired by the 18th-century Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico, is that history is cyclical. To demonstrate this, the book ends with the first half of the first sentence of the novel. Thus, the last line is actually part of the first line, and the first line a part of the last line. The plot itself is difficult to follow, as the novel explores a number of fractured story lines. The main tension, however, comes from the juxtaposition of reality and dream, which is achieved through changing characters and settings. The beginning of the book introduces the reader to Mr. and Mrs. Porter, who have three children—Kevin and Jerry (twins) and Issy. The Porters live above a pub in Chapelizod (near Dublin). Once Mr. and Mrs. Porter go to sleep, however, their entire world changes.
Name the Novelist
In the dream world, these characters are given different names. Mr. Porter is Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker (HCE), Mrs. Porter is Anna Livia Plurabelle (ALP), and the boys are Shem the Penman and Shaun the Postman, while Issy remains Issy. HCE plays the archetypal father role and is referred to by a number of variations of the acronym HCE throughout the book. While the exact situation is unclear, it is revealed that HCE has behaved inappropriately in the presence of young girls, for which he feels both innocent and guilty. Rumours are spread about this indiscretion for most of the novel. ALP is representative of the archetypal wife and mother, and it is she who attempts to exonerate HCE. The beginning of the novel also introduces Tim Finnegan, the man named in the novel’s title. Finnegan, a construction worker, died in a workplace accident. At his wake, the strangeness of the story continues: Finnegan’s wife attempts to serve her husband’s corpse as a dish. The novel itself ends with a monologue recited by ALP as she attempts to awaken HCE.
The novel’s plot is not nearly as complex as the linguistic tactics employed by Joyce. He combined a number of languages and utilized complex sonic implications to create an atmosphere of wordplay and hidden meaning throughout the entirety of Finnegans Wake. Particularly notable are his “thunder words,” words comprising approximately one hundred le...
Finnegans Wake is arguably one of the most complex works of 20th-century English-language fiction. Joyce himself acknowledged the intricate and detailed nature of the novel, and he wrote in 1927 about his creation of it that
I am really one of the greatest engineers….I am making an engine with only one wheel. No spokes of course. The wheel is a perfect square.…No, it’s a wheel, I tell the world. And it’s all square.
He wanted Finnegans Wake to puzzle critics, and it did. When the novel was first published, it was met with mixed reviews. Some critics saw the novel as unreadable, while others praised Joyce for his ingenuity. Since then, numerous editions have incorporated and otherwise acknowledged corrections made by Joyce in notes and drafts. Despite (or perhaps because of) these corrections, which sometimes do little to change the novel’s comprehensibility, some still believe that the novel holds no merit. However, many scholars consider Finnegans Wake a Modernist landmark and have dedicated large portions of their lives to studying it.
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The first chapter of Finnegans Wake, James Joyce's posthumous masterpiece, depicts the adventures of a madman named Finnegan who wanders through a surreal and mythical Ireland. The poem is a complex and hilarious mix of Irish folklore, language, and symbolism, full of puns, allusions, and references to various topics and characters.
Há duas décadas venho lendo e relendo Finnegans Wake (1922-1939), de James Joyce, tentando atravessar sua wastobe land³, para usar uma expressão do livro. Vejo Finnegans Wake como um território cuja geografia é bastante caótica e imagino seu leitor, ou a mim mesma, como um andarilho que precisa se movimentar a fim de
15 de dez. de 2023 · Um clube do livro na Califórnia que lê o romance de 1939 de James Joyce desde 1995 começou de novo a levar 28 anos para ler "Finnegans Wake". O clube se reúne uma vez por mês para ler uma página ou duas e termina em outubro, e o romance é considerado um dos mais desafiadores e complexos da literatura.