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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BrazilBrazil - Wikipedia

    Há 10 horas · At 8.5 million square kilometers (3,300,000 sq mi) [10] and with over 214 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the seventh most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › TehranTehran - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · Tehran (/ t ɛəˈr æ n,-ˈ r ɑː n, ˌ t eɪ-/; Persian: تهران Tehrān [tehˈɾɒːn] ()) is a city in Tehran Province and the capital of Iran.With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East ...

    • 900 to 1,830 m (2,952 to 6,003 ft)
    • Iran
  3. Há 1 dia · San Francisco ( / ˌsæn frənˈsɪskoʊ /; Spanish for "Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a commercial and cultural center in Northern California. The city proper is the 17th most populous in the United States, and the fourth most populous in California, with 815,201 residents as of 2021. [20]

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    The official name of the state on the mainland was the "Republic of China", but it has been known under various names throughout its existence. Shortly after the ROC's establishment in 1912, the government used the short form "China" (Zhōngguó or Jung-hwa (中國)) to refer to itself, "China" being derived from zhōng ("central" or "middle") and guó ("s...

    Overview

    A republic was formally established on 1 January 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution, which itself began with the Wuchang Uprising on 10 October 1911, successfully overthrowing the Qing dynasty and ending over two thousand years of imperial rule in China. From its founding until 1949, the republic was based on mainland China. Central authority waxed and waned in response to warlordism (1915–28), a Japanese invasion (1937–45), and a full-scale civil war (1927–49), with central authority stron...

    Founding

    In 1912, after over two thousand years of imperial rule, a republic was established to replace the monarchy. The Qing dynasty that preceded the republic had experienced instability throughout the 19th century and suffered from both internal rebellion and foreign imperialism.A program of institutional reform proved too little and too late. Only the lack of an alternative regime prolonged the monarchy's existence until 1912. The Chinese Republic grew out of the Wuchang Uprising against the Qing...

    Nanjing decade

    After Sun's death in March 1925, Chiang Kai-shek became the leader of the Kuomintang. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition with the intention of defeating the Beiyang warlords and unifying the country. Chiang received the help of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China. However, he soon dismissed his Soviet advisers, being convinced that they wanted to get rid of the KMT and take control. Chiang decided to purge the Communists, killing thousands of them. At the same time, oth...

    The first Republic of China national government was established on 1 January 1912, in Nanjing, and was founded on the Constitution of the ROC and its Three Principles of the People, which state that "[the ROC] shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people." Sun Yat-sen was the provisional president. D...

    The military power of the Republic of China was inherited from the New Army, mainly the Beiyang Army, which later split into many factions and attacked each other. The National Revolutionary Army was established by Sun Yat-sen in 1925 in Guangdong with the goal of reunifying China under the Kuomintang. Originally organized with Soviet aid as a mean...

    In the early years of the Republic of China, the economy remained unstable as the country was marked by constant warfare between different regional warlord factions. The Beiyang government in Beijing experienced constant changes in leadership, and this political instability led to stagnation in economic development until Chinese reunification in 19...

    Sources

    For works on specific people and events, please see the relevant articles. 1. Wright, Tim (2018). "Republican China, 1911–1949". Chinese Studies. Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/OBO/9780199920082-0028. ISBN 9780199920082.

    Media related to Republic of China (1912–1949)at Wikimedia Commons
  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Addis_AbabaAddis Ababa - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · Addis Ababa ( / ˌædɪs ˈæbəbə /; [5] Amharic: አዲስ አበባ, lit. 'new flower' [adˈdis ˈabəba] ( listen) ), also known as Finfinne [6] (lit. "natural spring" in Oromo ), [7] is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. It also serves as the seat of the government of Oromia: while being outside of Oromia regional state boundaries.

  5. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › TashkentTashkent - Wikipedia

    Há 1 dia · The Tashkent Business district is a special district, established for the development of small, medium and large businesses in Uzbekistan. In 2018, was started to build a Tashkent city (new Downtown) which would include a new business district with skyscrapers of local and foreign companies, world hotels such as Hilton Tashkent Hotel , apartments, biggest malls, shops and other entertainments.