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  1. William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington, GCH, PC, PC, known as Lord Maryborough between 1821 and 1842, was an Anglo-Irish politician and an elder brother of the Duke of Wellington. His surname changed twice: he was born with the name Wesley, which he changed to Wesley-Pole following an inheritance in 1781. In 1789 the spelling was updated to Wellesley-Pole, just as other members of the family had changed Wesley to Wellesley.

    • Katherine Forbes
    • Tory
  2. Retrato de William Wellesley-Pole, Barão Maryborough, por Thomas Lawrence. Secretário-chefe da Irlanda Período 1809 — 1812 Antecessor(a) Visconde Melville: Sucessor(a) Robert Peel: Dados pessoais Nome completo William Wellesley-Pole Nascimento 20 de maio de 1763 Castelo de Dangan Morte 22 de fevereiro de 1845 (81 anos) Londres: Progenitores

    • Master of The Royal Mint 1814-1823
    • An Energetic Master
    • Administrative Reform
    • Artistic Sensitivity
    • Public Criticism
    • Pole’s Legacy

    Medallic portrait of William Wellesley Pole by Benedetto Pistrucci An elder brother of the Duke of Wellington, William Wellesley Pole was appointed Master of the Royal Mint in 1814. He took control of an ancient institution which had recently vacated its cramped traditional home within the walls of the Tower of London and re-established itself in s...

    It was to prove a fortunate appointment, for Pole was a man of energy, ability and influence, and he arrived at the Royal Mint just as important decisions were about to be taken on the future of the British coinage. Within months of his arrival, the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815 brought peace to Europe and, in its wake, the British government sei...

    At the same time, he embarked upon a major re-organisation of the Royal Mint establishment, bringing its ancient methods of government more into line with the professional management required of a mint which had at last entered the Industrial Age. The proposals in his detailed and critical report to a Committee of the Privy Council, promoting effic...

    Pole was more than just an efficient administrator. There was also an artistic sensitivity which made him want to ensure that the Royal Mint ‘may not only have to boast of the most beautiful and correct machinery in the world, but that we may stand equally unrivalled for the perfect form and exquisite taste of our several coins’. To this end, he ob...

    The patriotic British press, however, rebuked Pole for his neglect of British artists and for his ‘persevering disposition to shew an utter disregard of public taste and public opinion’. Popular criticism was also provoked by the insertion of Pole’s initials on some of the coins, even though the Mint indenture had long allowed the Master of the Roy...

    Pole’s legacy to the modern Royal Mint includes the establishment of a Museum which has grown since 1816 to become one of the most important in the world. It is a tangible reminder of a man who wanted British coins not only to be perfectly produced but also works of art.

  3. Pole, William Wellesley- (1763–1845), 3rd earl of Mornington , chief secretary for Ireland, was born William Wesley on 20 May 1763 at Dangan Castle, Co. Meath, second of four sons of Garret Wesley (qv), professor of music, politician, and 1st earl of Mornington, and Anne Wesley (née Hill-Trevor). Educated at Eton (1774–6), he was not a brilliant ...

    • A Born Reformer
    • Rapid Rise in Politics
    • Reshaping The Mint
    • Recognising Talent
    • A Lasting Legacy

    Although he held the post for a relatively short time, William Wellesley Pole had a significant influence during his tenure. The Royal Mint was a rather archaic institution, squeezed into the Tower of London. Shortly before Pole’s arrival it moved to purpose-built buildings on Tower Hill; the Royal Mint was ripe for reform, and William Wellesley Po...

    His fortunes improved, literally, with an inheritance in 1781 from a great uncle, William Pole. One of the conditions of the inheritance was that he should adopt Pole as the family surname, becoming William Wesley-Pole. Soon afterwards he started his career as a politician, serving as a Member of the Irish Parliament from 1783, then from 1790 as Me...

    Appointed Master of the Mint by Prime Minister Lord Liverpool, Wellesley-Pole set about reforming both its administration and the coins it produced. The Royal Mint had become a rather shambling and inefficient institution; Wellesley-Pole’s plans for a shake-up were approved by the Privy Council, and the Mint was transformed to an organisation that ...

    Wellesley-Pole was a true hands-on administrator. He was concerned with every detail, from personally overseeing the installation of a gas lighting plant at the Mint, to reviewing and selecting the artists and engravers for coin designs. It was William Wellesley-Pole who supported the talented but ‘difficult’ Bernadetto Pistrucci, and so was indire...

    By 1821 William Wellesley-Pole had joined the peerage, taking Baron Maryborough as his title. Two years later he was appointed Master of the Buckhounds and Custos Rotolorum of Queen’s County (now County Laois, in Ireland). So ended his period as Master of the Mint. But Wellesley-Pole had already secured his place in its history, not only through hi...

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  4. Pole, William Wellesley- (1763–1845), 3rd earl of Mornington , chief secretary for Ireland, was born William Wesley on 20 May 1763 at Dangan Castle, Co. Meath, second of four sons of Garret Wesley (qv), professor of music, politician, and 1st earl of Mornington, and Anne Wesley (née Hill-Trevor).

  5. When William Wellesley-Pole was born on 22 June 1788, in London, Monroe, Michigan, United States, his father, William Wellesley-Pole 3rd Earl of Mornington, was 25 and his mother, Catherine Elizabeth Forbes-Granard, was 29. He married Catherine Tylney Long on 14 March 1812. They were the parents of at least 2 sons and 1 daughter.