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  1. Matthew Arnold (Laleham, 24 de dezembro de 1822 - Liverpool, 15 de abril de 1888) foi um poeta e crítico britânico, um dos críticos literários e de costumes em que a Inglaterra Vitoriana melhor se espelha. Matthew Arnold foi um poeta prolífico e um intelectual voltado para a democratização do ensino.

    • Frances Lucy
    • Overview
    • Life
    • Poetic achievement

    Matthew Arnold (born December 24, 1822, Laleham, Middlesex, England—died April 15, 1888, Liverpool) English Victorian poet and literary and social critic, noted especially for his classical attacks on the contemporary tastes and manners of the “Barbarians” (the aristocracy), the “Philistines” (the commercial middle class), and the “Populace.” He be...

    Matthew was the eldest son of the renowned Thomas Arnold, who was appointed headmaster of Rugby School in 1828. Matthew entered Rugby (1837) and then attended Oxford as a scholar of Balliol College; there he won the Newdigate Prize with his poem Cromwell (1843) and was graduated with second-class honours in 1844. For Oxford Arnold retained an impassioned affection. His Oxford was the Oxford of John Henry Newman—of Newman just about to be received into the Roman Catholic Church; and although Arnold’s own religious thought, like his father’s, was strongly liberal, Oxford and Newman always remained for him joint symbols of spiritual beauty and culture.

    In 1847 Arnold became private secretary to Lord Lansdowne, who occupied a high cabinet post during Lord John Russell’s Liberal ministries. And in 1851, in order to secure the income needed for his marriage (June 1851) with Frances Lucy Wightman, he accepted from Lansdowne an appointment as inspector of schools. This was to be his routine occupation until within two years of his death. He engaged in incessant travelling throughout the British provinces and also several times was sent by the government to inquire into the state of education in France, Germany, Holland, and Switzerland. Two of his reports on schools abroad were reprinted as books, and his annual reports on schools at home attracted wide attention, written, as they were, in Arnold’s own urbane and civilized prose.

    The work that gives Arnold his high place in the history of literature and the history of ideas was all accomplished in the time he could spare from his official duties. His first volume of verse was The Strayed Reveller, and Other Poems. By A. (1849); this was followed (in 1852) by another under the same initial: Empedocles on Etna, and Other Poems. In 1853 appeared the first volume of poems published under his own name; it consisted partly of poems selected from the earlier volumes and also contained the well-known preface explaining (among other things) why Empedocles was excluded from the selection: it was a dramatic poem “in which the suffering finds no vent in action,” in which there is “everything to be endured, nothing to be done.” This preface foreshadows his later criticism in its insistence upon the classic virtues of unity, impersonality, universality, and architectonic power and upon the value of the classical masterpieces as models for “an age of spiritual discomfort”—an age “wanting in moral grandeur.” Other editions followed, and Merope, Arnold’s classical tragedy, appeared in 1858, and New Poems in 1867. After that date, though there were further editions, Arnold wrote little additional verse.

    Britannica Quiz

    Poetry: First Lines

    Not much of Arnold’s verse will stand the test of his own criteria; far from being classically poised, impersonal, serene, and grand, it is often intimate, personal, full of romantic regret, sentimental pessimism, and nostalgia. As a public and social character and as a prose writer, Arnold was sunny, debonair, and sanguine; but beneath ran the current of his buried life, and of this much of his poetry is the echo:

    From the soul’s subterranean depth upborne

    As from an infinitely distant land,

    • Basil Willey
  2. Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was an English poet and cultural critic. He was the son of Thomas Arnold , the headmaster of Rugby School , and brother to both Tom Arnold , literary professor, and William Delafield Arnold , novelist and colonial administrator.

    • 6
    • Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools
    • Poetry; literary, social and religious criticism
    • 24 December 1822, Laleham, England
  3. A comprehensive overview of the life and works of Matthew Arnold, a major Victorian poet and critic. Learn about his themes, style, influences, and legacy in his poetry and prose. Explore his views on social, educational, and religious issues, as well as his critique of the modern age and its values.

  4. Há 6 dias · Matthew Arnold was a poet, critic, and educator who wrote elegantly argued critical essays and meditative and rhetorical poems. He was the first professor of poetry at Oxford University and influenced many modern critics and poets. Learn about his life, works, and legacy.

  5. Table of Contents. Culture and Anarchy, major work of criticism by Matthew Arnold, published in 1869. In it Arnold contrasts culture, which he defines as “the study of perfection,” with anarchy, the prevalent mood of England’s then new democracy, which lacks standards and a sense of direction. Arnold classified English society into the ...

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