Louis-Nicolas d'Avout (10 May 1770 – 1 June 1823), better known as Davout, 1st Duke of Auerstaedt, 1st Prince of Eckmühl, was a French military commander and Marshal of the Empire who served during both the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Louis Nicolas d’Avout puis Davout, duc d'Auerstaedt, prince d'Eckmühl, né le 10 mai 1770 à Annoux en Bourgogne et mort le 1 er juin 1823 à Paris, est un général français de la Révolution et de l’Empire, élevé à la dignité de maréchal d'Empire par Napoléon en 1804.
Im Jahr 1791 heiratete Davout Adelaide Séguenot (1768–1795). Die Ehe wurde 1794 wieder geschieden. Am 8. November 1801 schloss Louis Nicolas Davout die Ehe mit Louise-Aimée-Julie Leclerc (1782–1868), der Schwester von General Victoire Emmanuel Leclerc. Aus der Ehe gingen acht Kinder hervor, von denen vier in früher Kindheit starben.
Louis Philippe (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848, and the penultimate monarch of France.. As Louis Philippe, Duke of Chartres, he distinguished himself commanding troops during the Revolutionary Wars and was promoted to lieutenant general by the age of nineteen, but he broke with the Republic over its decision to execute King Louis XVI.
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Louis Philippe Joseph; 13 April 1747 – 6 November 1793), was a major French noble who supported the French Revolution. Louis Philippe II was born at the Château de Saint-Cloud to Louis Philippe I, Duke of Chartres , and Louise Henriette de Bourbon .
Louis had no children, so upon his death the crown passed to his brother, Charles X. Louis XVIII was the last French monarch to die while still reigning, as Charles X (1824–1830) abdicated and both Louis Philippe I (1830–1848) and Napoleon III (1852–1870) were deposed.
In 1792, Berthier was at once made chief of staff to Marshal Nicolas Luckner, and he bore a distinguished part in the Argonne campaign of Generals Dumouriez and Kellermann. He served with great credit in the War in the Vendée of 1793–1795, and the next year was made a general of division and chief of staff ( major-général ) to the Army of Italy , which Bonaparte had recently been ...