20 de jan. de 2023 · His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America. He later served as a civil and military governor in Ireland, where he helped bring about the Act of Union; and in India, where he helped enact the Cornwallis Code and the Permanent Settlement .
21 de jan. de 2023 · Wellesley returned to Portugal in April 1809 to command the British army, reinforced with Portuguese regiments trained by General Beresford. These new forces turned Soult out of Portugal at the Battle of Grijó (10–11 May) and the Second Battle of Porto (12 May), and the other northern cities were recaptured by General Silveira.
Há 5 dias · Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, he served as the ambassador to France and was granted a dukedom.
23 de jan. de 2023 · Lord Wellesley called upon me there many years after; the house was then occupied by my brother-in-law, Mr. Eden, whom I was visiting. His lordship showed me the place where these illustrious friends sat when they met for the last time. Mr. Pitt, he said, was much emaciated and enfeebled, but retained his gaiety and his constitutionally sanguine disposition, and even expressed his confident hopes of recovery.
13 de jan. de 2023 · 威靈頓出生時號「阿瑟·韋斯利閣下」（The Honourable Arthur Wesley），是加勒特·韋斯利，第一代莫寧伯爵（Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington）與亞瑟·希爾-特雷弗，第一代鄧甘嫩子爵（Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon）的長女安娜（Anne）的四子。 他最有可能是在家族的排屋， 都柏林 梅里奧上街（Upper Merrion Street）24號出生，這裡現在是「梅里奧酒店」（Merrion Hotel）。  大多數傳記作者以當時的報紙為證據，認為他在1769年5月1日出生，這是他受洗的日期。
Há 3 dias · He was promoted to become Chief Whip by Anthony Eden in 1955, and in 1959 was appointed to the Cabinet by Harold Macmillan as Minister of Labour. He later held the role of Lord Privy Seal and in 1963, was made President of the Board of Trade by Alec Douglas-Home.
17 de jan. de 2023 · Lord Melbourne, in full William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne of Kilmore, Lord Melbourne, Baron of Kilmore, Baron Melbourne of Melbourne, (born March 15, 1779, London, England—died November 24, 1848, Brocket, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire), British prime minister from July 16 to November 14, 1834, and from April 18, 1835, to August 30, 1841.