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  1. James Francis Edward Stuart (10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766), nicknamed the Old Pretender by Whigs and the King over the Water by Jacobites, was the son of King James VII and II of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena.

  2. 6 de jun. de 2024 · James Edward, the Old Pretender , also known as the Old Pretender, was the son of the deposed Roman Catholic monarch James II of England and claimant to the English and Scottish thrones. Styled James III of England and James VIII of Scotland by his supporters, he made several halfhearted efforts to.

  3. 6 de nov. de 2021 · James Stuart declared it was “now or never,” and begged the Pope for assistance, but in August a huge blow befell James’s cause when his long-term ally King Louis XIV died, leaving him without French support.

  4. 27 de jun. de 2018 · Stuart, James Francis Edward (1688–1766) British claimant to the throne, called theOld Pretender’. The only son of James II, his birth precipitated the Glorious Revolution (1688), and he was brought up in exile. On the death of his father in 1701, the Jacobites proclaimed James king.

  5. Jaime Francisco Eduardo Stuart (Londres, 10 de junho de 1688 — Roma, 1 de janeiro de 1766), um católico, foi pretendente aos tronos da Escócia e de Inglaterra conhecido geralmente como "O Velho Pretendente".

  6. 5 de out. de 2016 · After his father’s death, Prince James Francis Edward Stuart claimed the English throne as James III and the Scottish throne as James VIII. He was recognised as king by his cousin Louis XIV of France, by Spain and by the Papal States.

  7. Born in St. James Palace (London), the son of King James VII (1633-1701), who was forced off the throne the following year. On the death of his father he became the focus of the Jacobite cause, and was recognised by France as King James III (of England).