Roman Catholicism. James Francis Edward Stuart (10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766), nicknamed the Old Pretender by Whigs, was the son of King James VII and II of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena. He was Prince of Wales from July 1688 until, just months after his birth, his Catholic father was deposed ...
Jaime Francisco Eduardo Stuart ( Londres, 10 de junho de 1688 — Roma, 1 de janeiro de 1766 ), um católico, foi pretendente aos tronos da Escócia e de Inglaterra conhecido geralmente como "O Velho Pretendente". Era filho do monarca deposto James II de Inglaterra, um católico romano e de sua segunda esposa Maria de Módena.
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) ("James III & VIII") ("The Old Pretender") 16 September 1701 – 1 January 1766: Upon James II & VII's death in 1701, James, called the Old Pretender by his detractors, as James II/VII's only surviving legitimate son, inherited his father's claim. Charles Edward Stuart (1720–1788)
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766) was born to James II (1633-1701) and his second wife, Mary of Modena (1658-1718) on 10 June 1688. His birth was a matter of national controversy. Mary had not conceived in five years, and James had no male heir to continue his Catholic programme in England.
James Edward, the Old Pretender, son of the deposed Roman Catholic monarch James II of England and claimant to the English and Scottish thrones. Styled James III of England and James VIII of Scotland by his supporters, he made several halfhearted efforts to gain his crown.
James Francis Edward Stuart, the 'Old Pretender,' or 'Chevalier de St George' portrait from 1748. The 1688 Glorious Revolution replaced the Catholic James II with his Protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband William, who ruled as joint monarchs of England, Ireland and Scotland.
27 de jun. de 2018 · Stuart, James Francis Edward (1688–1766) British claimant to the throne, called the ‘Old Pretender’. The only son of James II, his birth precipitated the Glorious Revolution (1688), and he was brought up in exile. On the death of his father in 1701, the Jacobites proclaimed James king.