Roman Catholicism. James Francis Edward Stuart (10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766), nicknamed the Old Pretender by Whigs, was the son of King James VII and II of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena. He was Prince of Wales from July 1688 until, just months after his birth, his Catholic father was deposed ...
Jaime Francisco Eduardo Stuart ( Londres, 10 de junho de 1688 — Roma, 1 de janeiro de 1766 ), um católico, foi pretendente aos tronos da Escócia e de Inglaterra conhecido geralmente como "O Velho Pretendente". Era filho do monarca deposto James II de Inglaterra, um católico romano e de sua segunda esposa Maria de Módena.
James Edward, the Old Pretender, son of the deposed Roman Catholic monarch James II of England and claimant to the English and Scottish thrones. Styled James III of England and James VIII of Scotland by his supporters, he made several halfhearted efforts to gain his crown.
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766) ("James III & VIII") ("The Old Pretender") 16 September 1701 – 1 January 1766: Upon James II & VII's death in 1701, James, called the Old Pretender by his detractors, as James II/VII's only surviving legitimate son, inherited his father's claim. Charles Edward Stuart (1720–1788)
James Drummond. The Jacobite rising of 1745, also known as the Forty-five Rebellion or simply the '45 ( Scottish Gaelic: Bliadhna Theàrlaich, [ˈpliən̪ˠə ˈhjaːrˠl̪ˠɪç], lit. 'The Year of Charles'), was an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James Francis Edward Stuart.
James Francis Edward Stuart (1688-1766) was born to James II (1633-1701) and his second wife, Mary of Modena (1658-1718) on 10 June 1688. His birth was a matter of national controversy. Mary had not conceived in five years, and James had no male heir to continue his Catholic programme in England.
Jacobitism [c] was a political movement that supported the restoration of the senior line of the House of Stuart to the British throne. The name derives from the first name of James II of England, which is rendered in Latin as Jacobus.