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  1. Leonard James Callaghan, Barão Callaghan de Cardiff, KG, PC, (Portsmouth, 27 de março de 1912 — Ringmer, 26 de março de 2005) foi um político britânico que foi primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido de 1976 até 1979.

  2. Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff KG, PC ( / ˈkæləhæn / ⓘ KAL-ə-han; 27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), commonly known as Jim Callaghan, was a British statesman [1] and Labour politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.

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    Labour 1976 to 1979

    James Callaghan is the only 20th-century British Prime Minister to have held all 4 major offices of state: Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister.

    27 March 1912 , Copnor area of Portsmouth, Hampshire

    Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976: regulated the keeping of dangerous wild animals. Race Relations Act 1976: serious amendments to the 1968 act to make fresh provision with respect to discrimination on racial grounds and relations between people of different racial groups.

    He was the only Prime Minister to come to the premiership after holding the other 3 great offices of state: Chancellor of the Exchequer (1964 to 1967), Home Secretary (1967 to 1970) and Foreign Secretary (1974 to 1976). He was the father of Margaret Jay, Baroness Jay of Paddington, Labour peer and former Leader of the House of Lords.

    James Callaghan (sometimes affectionately referred to as ‘Big Jim’ or ‘Sunny Jim’) grew up in poverty during the Depression. Unable to afford the tuition fees for University, he joined the Inland Revenue in the 1930s, helping to set up the Association of Officers of Taxes trade union.

    He was elected Member of Parliament for Cardiff South in 1945 after spending 3 years in the British Navy during the Second World War.

    As Chancellor, Callaghan oversaw the controversial devaluation of the British pound in 1967, which was followed by his swift resignation. His next ministerial position as Home Secretary saw the increase of sectarian violence in Northern Ireland that reached its highest point under the following Conservative administration of Ted Heath.

    Callaghan’s short period as Foreign Secretary, however, was interrupted by the surprise resignation of Harold Wilson in 1976. Callaghan, who was popular across all parts of the Labour Party, won the leadership election and became Prime Minister.

    Callaghan’s government lost its majority of seats in Parliament on his first day in office. This forced him to rely upon the support of the Liberal Party during 1977 to 1978, and then the Scottish National Party for the remainder of the government. It is for this reason that the 1979 referendum on the devolution of powers to Scotland was produced, which was narrowly defeated by the Scottish voters.

    His years as Prime Minister also saw the introduction of the Police Act of 1976, which formalised Police complaints procedures; the Housing (Homeless Persons) Act of 1977, which established the responsibility of local authorities to provide housing to homeless people; and the Education Act of 1976, which limited the number of independent and grant-maintained schools in any one area.

    Learn about the life and career of James Callaghan, the only 20th-century British Prime Minister to hold all four major offices of state. Find out his achievements, challenges and controversies in office from 1976 to 1979.

  3. Há 3 dias · Learn about the life and career of James Callaghan, who led the Labour Party from 1976 to 1979 amid economic crisis and industrial unrest. Find out how he became chancellor, home secretary, foreign secretary and prime minister, and why he lost the 1979 election.

  4. Conheça a vida e a carreira de James Callaghan, primeiro-ministro britânico de 1976 a 1979, que enfrentou a crise econômica e a inflação. Saiba mais sobre sua origem, suas pastas ministeriais e sua derrota eleitoral.

  5. James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan (born March 27, 1912, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England—died March 26, 2005, Ringmer, East Sussex) was a British Labour Party politician, who was prime minister from 1976 to 1979. Callaghan entered the civil service at age 17 as a tax officer.

  6. Leonard James Callaghan, Barão Callaghan de Cardiff, KG, PC, foi um político britânico que foi primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido de 1976 até 1979.

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