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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › JordanJordan - Wikipedia

    Jordan ( Arabic: الأردن; tr. Al-ʾUrdunn [al.ʔur.dunː] ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, [a] is a country in Western Asia. It is situated at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe, [8] within the Levant region, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the ...

  2. A Jordânia é classificada pelo Banco Mundial como um país de "renda média-alta". A economia cresceu a uma taxa média de 4,3% ao ano desde 2005. Aproximadamente 13% da população vive com menos de 3 dólares por dia. O PIB per capita aumentou 351% em 1970, diminuiu 30% na década de 1980, e aumentou 36% na década de 1990.

    • Amã
    • Amã, 31°57′N 35°56′E
  3. Jordan (Minnesota) — cidade no estado de Minnesota, Estados Unidos. Jordan (Montana) — cidade no estado de Montana, Estados Unidos. Jordan Grand Prix — equipe irlandesa de automobilismo. Jordânia — país do sudoeste asiático. Pamela Rooke — atriz e modelo britânica, também conhecida como Jordan.

  4. Nota: Não confundir com Michael B. Jordan. Data de nasc. Local de nasc. Michael Jeffrey Jordan ( Nova Iorque, 17 de fevereiro de 1963) é um empresário e ex- basquetebolista estadunidense que atuava como ala-armador. É considerado por muitos como o melhor jogador de basquete de todos os tempos e por muitos como um dos mais importantes ...

    • Stone Age
    • Chalcolithic
    • Bronze Age
    • Iron Age
    • Classical Period
    • Middle Ages
    • Ottoman Rule
    • Emirate of Transjordan
    • Kingdom of Transjordan/Jordan
    • Further Reading

    Evidence of human activity in Jordan dates back to the Paleolithicperiod. While there is no architectural evidence from this era, archaeologists have found tools, such as flint and basalt hand-axes, knives and scraping implements. In the Neolithic period (8500–4500 BC) three major shifts occurred. First, people became sedentary, living in small vil...

    During the Chalcolithic period (4500–3200 BC), copper began to be smelted and used to make axes, arrowheads and hooks. The cultivation of barley, dates, olives and lentils, and the domestication of sheep and goats, rather than hunting, predominated. The lifestyle in the desert was probably very similar to that of modern Bedouins. Tuleitat Ghassul i...

    Many of the villages built during the Early Bronze Age (3200–1950 BC) included simple water infrastructures, as well as defensive fortifications probably designed to protect against raids by neighboring nomadic tribes. At Bab al-Dhra in Wadi `Araba, archaeologists discovered more than 20,000 shaft tombs with multiple chambers as well as houses of m...

    During the Iron Age (1200–332 BC), Transjordan was home to the Kingdoms of Ammon, Edom and Moab. The peoples of these kingdoms spoke Semitic languages of the Canaanite group; their polities are considered[by whom?] to be tribal kingdoms rather than states. Ammon was located in the Amman plateau, and its capital was Rabbath Ammon; Moab was located i...

    Alexander the Great's conquest of the Persian Empire in 332 BC introduced Hellenistic culture to the Middle East. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, the empire split among his generals, and in the end much of Transjordan was disputed between the Ptolemies based in Egypt and the Seleucids based in Syria. By the late Hellenistic period, the area had ...

    In the early 7th century, the area of modern Jordan became integrated into the new Arab-Islamic Umayyad Empire (the first Muslim dynasty), which ruled much of the Middle East from 661 until 750 CE. At the time, Amman, today the capital of the Kingdom of Jordan, became a major town in "Jund Dimashq" (the military district of Damascus) and became the...

    In 1516, Ottoman forces invaded the Levant and gained control. Agricultural villages in Jordan witnessed a period of relative prosperity in the 16th century, but were later abandoned. For the next centuries, Ottoman rule in the region, at times, was virtually absent and reduced to annual tax collection visits. This led to a short-lived occupation b...

    After four centuries of stagnant Ottoman rule (1516–1918), Turkish control over Transjordan came to an end during World War I when the Hashemite Army of the Great Arab Revolt, took over and secured present-day Jordan with the help and support of the region's local Bedouin tribes, Circassians, and Christians. The revolt was launched by the Hashemite...

    Establishment

    On 17 January 1946 the British Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, announced in a speech at the General Assembly of the United Nations that the British Government intended to take steps in the near future to establish Transjordan as a fully independent and sovereign state. The Treaty of London was signed by the British Government and the Emir of Transjordan on 22 March 1946 as a mechanism to recognise the full independence of Transjordan upon ratification by both countries' parliaments. Transjor...

    1948 War and annexation of the West Bank

    Transjordan was one of the Arab states opposed to the second partition of Palestine and creation of Israel in May 1948. It participated in the war between the Arab states and the newly founded State of Israel. Thousands of Palestinians fled the Arab-Israeli fighting to the West Bank and Jordan. The Armistice Agreements of 3 April 1949 left Jordan in control of the West Bank and provided that the armistice demarcation lines were without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary l...

    Reign of King Hussein

    King Abdullah's eldest son, Talal of Jordan, was proclaimed king in 1951, but he was declared mentally unfit to rule and deposed in 1952. His son, Hussein Ibn Talal, became king on his eighteenth birthday, in 1953. The 1950s have been labelled as a time of "Jordan's Experiment with Liberalism". Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of association were guaranteed in the newly written constitution as with the already firmly established freedom of religion doctrine. Jordan had one...

    Al Sarhan, Atallah. "United States' Foreign Policy toward the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: 1990–2014." (2016). online
    Alon, Yoav. The Shaykh of Shaykhs: Mithqal Al-Fayiz and Tribal Leadership in Modern Jordan(Stanford University Press, 2016).
    Ashton, Nigel. King Hussein of Jordan: A Political Life (Yale University Press; 2008) excerpt
    Bradshaw, Tancred. Britain and Jordan: imperial strategy, King Abdullah I and the Zionist movement(Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012).
  5. Michael Jordan. Jordan es el cuarto de cinco hijos. Tiene dos hermanos mayores, Larry y James, y dos hermanas, una mayor (Delores) y otra pequeña (Roslyn). Su hermano mayor James fue sargento mayor de la 35ta Signal Brigade del XXVII Cuerpo Aerotransportado del Ejército de los Estados Unidos. 77 .

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