The Catholic Church is the largest Christian church, with 1.378 billion members worldwide as of 2021. It teaches that it is the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the pope is the successor of Saint Peter. It has 24 sui iuris churches, including the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches, and various sacraments, doctrines, liturgies and traditions.
- 1.378 billion (2021)
Nota: "Catolicismo" e "Católico" redirecionam para este artigo. Para os diferentes usos desses termos, veja Catolicidade. Igreja Católica Apostólica Romana. Igreja Católica. Vista da Basílica de São Pedro (esquerda), do Obelisco (centro) e do Palácio Apostólico (direita) na Praça de São Pedro, no Vaticano . Orientação.
In 380, under Emperor Theodosius, Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire by the Edict of Thessalonica, a decree of the Emperor which would persist until the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and later, with the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire, until the Fall of Constantinople.
- History of The Term
- Current Usage
- See Also
- Further Reading
Formulations such as the "Holy Roman Church" or the "Roman Catholic Church" have occurred by officials of the Catholic Church before and after the Reformation. It also used in the context of ecumenical dialogue. The first known occurrence of "Roman Catholic" as a synonym for "Catholic Church" was in communication with the Armenian Apostolic Church ...
"Roman Catholic" is used to refer to individuals, or as descriptor to refer to worship, parishes, festivals, etc, in particular to emphasize communion with the pope in Rome. It is sometimes also identified with "Catholic" in general, or to specify "Western Catholic" (equivalent to "Latin Catholic") and "Roman-Rite Catholic" in contrast to the Easte...
1. Government of Canada (2013-05-08). "Religion". Catholic 12,810,705; split into: Roman Catholic 12,728,885; Ukrainian Catholic 51,790; Greek Catholic, n.o.s. 14,255; etc 2. Government of Poland. "Religion". Religion: Roman Catholic (97% ), Orthodox (1.5%), Greek Catholic (1%), others (0.5% ) 3. Government of Romania. "RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION ACCORDING TO THE 2011 CENSUS" (PDF). Roman Catholic 4.62%, Greek-Catholic 0.80% 4. Government of Hungary. "Religions" (PDF). Religions: Roman Catholic 51...
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Catholicism is the traditions and beliefs of Catholic Churches. It refers to their theology, liturgy, morals and spirituality. The term usually refers to churches, both western and eastern, that are in full communion with the Holy See . In 2012, there were more than 1.1 billion Catholics worldwide.