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  1. The Tories were a loosely organised political faction and later a political party, in the Parliaments of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. They first emerged during the 1679 Exclusion Crisis , when they opposed Whig efforts to exclude James, Duke of York from the succession on the grounds of his Catholicism .

  2. Os whigs eram aqueles que apoiavam a exclusão de Jaime II, convertido ao catolicismo, dos tronos da Escócia, Inglaterra e Irlanda, enquanto os tories nascidos dos Abhorrers eram quem o apoiava. Os ataques de Jaime II à Igreja da Inglaterra levaram alguns tories a apoiar a Revolução Gloriosa de 1688, mas em sua maioria se opuseram à troca dinástica .

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ToryTory - Wikipedia

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    The Tory political faction originally emerged within the Parliament of England to uphold the legitimist rights of James II to succeed his brother Charles II to the thrones of the three kingdoms. James became a Catholic at a time when the state institutions were fiercely independent from the Catholic Church—this was an issue for the Exclusion Crisis...

    The term Tory was first used to designate the pre-Confederation British ruling classes of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, known as the Family Compact and the Château Clique, an elite within the governing classes and often members within a section of society known as the United Empire Loyalists. The United Empire Loyalists were American loyalists fro...

    The term "Loyalist" was used in the American Revolution for those who remained loyal to the British Crown. About 80% of the Loyalists remained in the United States after the war. The 60,000 or so Loyalists who settled in Nova Scotia, Quebec, the Bahamas, or returned to Great Britain after the American War of Independence are known as United Empire ...

  4. The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party and also known colloquially as the Tories, is one of the two main political parties in the United Kingdom, along with the Labour Party. It is the current governing party, having won the 2019 general election. It has been the primary governing party in Britain since 2010.

    • 1834; 187 years ago (original form), 1912; 109 years ago (current form)
    • Rishi Sunak
  5. Whig and Tory, members of two opposing political parties or factions in England, particularly during the 18th century. Originally “Whig” and “Tory” were terms of abuse introduced in 1679 during the heated struggle over the bill to exclude James, duke of York (afterward James II ), from the succession.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica