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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › MichiganMichigan - Wikipedia

    Michigan ( / ˈmɪʃɪɡən / ( listen)) is a state in the Great Lakes region of the upper Midwestern United States. With a population of nearly 10.12 million and an area of nearly 97,000 sq mi (250,000 km 2 ), Michigan is the 10th-largest state by population, the 11th-largest by area, and the largest by area east of the Mississippi River.

  2. www.michigan.gov. O Planalto Superior cobre o extremo noroeste do estado, ou o oeste da Península Superior. Esta região possui um terreno muito acidentado. O ponto mais alto do estado, o Mount Coorwood, localiza-se nesta região, com seus 603 metros de altitude. Esta região é extremamente rica em cobre e em ferro.

    • The Great Lakes State, The Mitten State, Winter Water Wonderland, The Wolverine State
    • Lansing
    • Economy
    • Culture and Weather
    • Famous Michiganders
    • Cities
    • Education
    • Politics

    Michigan is noted as the place where many automobiles were made, and it still shows today. Michigan is 50% forest, which makes it very useful to the lumber industry. It also borders four of the Great Lakes, which are some of the largest reservoirs of fresh water in the world. Lake Superioris the largest body of freshwater in the world.

    The state experiences four seasons, with the winter being predominant and severe in the north, while the south has more mild, equally long seasons. The northern areas are very popular for skiing in the winter. The National Ski Hall of Fame can be found in Ishpeming in the Upper Peninsula. It is surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes. It is also...

    Many famous people have come from Michigan. They include the singer Madonna, the comedian Andy Richter, singer Stevie Wonder, Anthony Kiedis, former president Gerald Ford, singer Kid Rock, rapper Eminem, the former Reverend Jim Bakker, basketball legend Magic Johnson, Diana Ross, and Aretha Franklin, as well as being the home of Henry Ford, the fou...

    The capital city of Michigan is Lansing, and large cities include Detroit, Ann Arbor, Flint, Grand Rapids, and Saginaw. Marquetteis the largest city in the Upper Peninsula.

    Michigan has several state universities including Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Saginaw Valley State University, Grand Valley State University and Western Michigan University.The state also has many private colleges.

    The current governor is Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat who took office in January 2019, and its two national senators are Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters, both Democrats. Out of its 14 congressmen, 7 are Democrats, 6 are Republicans and Justin Amash is a Libertarian. In any event, Michigan had once been reliably blue in presidential elections, having...

    • United States
    • Lansing
    • Historia
    • Geografía Física
    • Administración Y Política
    • Demografía
    • Economía
    • Infraestructuras
    • Cultura
    • Véase también
    • Referencias
    • Enlaces Externos

    Hasta 1837

    Diversas tribus y pueblos nativoamericanos vivían en la región donde actualmente se localiza el estado de Míchigan miles de años antes de la llegada de los primeros europeos. Estas tribus y pueblos incluían los chippewa, los menomini, los miami, los ottawa y los potawatomi, tribus indígenas parte de la familia nativoamericana de los algonquinos; además de los hurones, que vivían donde actualmente está localizada la ciudad de Detroit. Se estima que la población indígena en la época de la llega...

    1837-actualidad

    Durante el inicio de la década de 1840, grandes depósitos de cobre y de hierro fueron encontrados en la Península Superior de Míchigan, atrayendo a miles de personas de estados del este estadounidense. Las esclusas de Soo (Soo Locks o Sault Locks en inglés) fueron inauguradas en 1855, conectando el lago Superior con el resto de los Grandes Lagos, para permitir el rápido y eficiente traslado de los minerales extraídos en la Península Superior desde puertosen el norte del estado, hasta los Gran...

    Míchigan limita al norte con el lago Superior, al este con el lago Hurón, al sur con los estados de Indiana y Ohio, y al oeste con el lago Míchigan. La provincia canadiense de Ontario está localizada al norte, al este y en el extremo sudeste de Míchigan, los estados de Wisconsin e Illinois están localizados al oeste y Minnesota se encuentra en el n...

    La actual Constitución de Míchigan fue adoptada en 1963. Constituciones más antiguas fueron aprobadas en 1835, 1850 y 1908. Las enmiendas a la Constitución son propuestas por el Poder Legislativo de Míchigan, y para ser aprobadas, necesitan recibir al menos el 51% de votos favorables del Senado y de la Cámara de Representantes del estado, y entonce...

    De acuerdo con el censo del 2000 de la Oficina del Censo de los Estados Unidos, la población de Míchigan en ese año era de 9.938.444 habitantes, un crecimiento del 6,5% en relación con la población del estado en 1990, de 9.328.784 habitantes. El Censo de los Estados Unidos de 2010 fijó la población del estado en 9.883.640 habitantes, un 0,6% menos ...

    El producto interior bruto de Míchigan fue de 365 mil millones de dólares. La renta per cápita del estado, por su parte, fue de 31.178 dólares, la vigésima del país. La tasa de desempleo de Míchigan es del 7,1%, la tercera entre los estados estadounidenses, detrás solo de Alaska y Oregón. El sector primario aporta el 1% del PIB de Míchigan. El esta...

    Transportes

    El puente Mackinac es el único medio de acceso directo entre la Península Superior y la Península Inferior de Míchigan. Este puente es el tercer puente colgante más largo del mundo, con sus ocho kilómetros de longitud. El puente Ambassador une a Detroit con la ciudad canadiense de Windsor y es una de las principales vías de comunicación transfronterizas de Norteamérica. Detroit es el principal centro ferroviario, viario, aeroportuario y portuario del estado. En 2002, Míchigan poseía 5.985 kil...

    Medios de comunicación

    El primer periódico publicado en Míchigan fue el Detroit Gazette, publicado por primera vez en Detroit, en 1817. Actualmente son publicados en el estado cerca de 660 periódicos, de los cuales aproximadamente 80 son diarios. Son impresos cerca de 250 periódicos. La primera estación de radio de Míchigan fue fundada en 1920, y la primera estación de televisión del estado fue fundada en 1947, ambas en Detroit. Actualmente, Míchigan posee cerca de 280 estaciones de radio y aproximadamente 85 estac...

    En el estado de Míchigan se encuentra el Detroit Institute of Arts y la Biblioteca Pública de Detroit. Del estado de Míchigan han surgido personajes relevantes culturalmente como Francis Ford Coppola, Stevie Wonder, Diana Ross, Iggy Pop, Michael Moore, Madonna, Eminem, Tyler Oakley, etc.

    Portal:Estados Unidos. Contenido relacionado con Estados Unidos.

    Referencias generales

    (en inglés) 1. United States Census Bureau 2. Web oficinal del estado 3. United States Department of Education 4. United States Department of Commerce 5. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 6. Rubenstein, Bruce A. y Ziewacz, Lawrence E. (2002). Harlan Davidson Inc, ed. Michigan: A History of the Great Lakes State. ISBN 0882959670.

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    • Lansing
    • Early History
    • from 1763 to 1776
    • from 1776 to 1837
    • from 1837 to 1860
    • 1860 to 1900
    • 1900 to 1941
    • After 1941
    • Further Reading
    • Other Resources
    • See Also

    The area was inhabited from about 1000 B.C.E to 1000 C.E. by the Native American Hopewell culture. Later, according to Oral histories, Algonquian peoples from the East Coast were driven west when Iroquoian people migrated to the region from central Canada and took their original homelands—These being the ancestors of the Ojibwe, Odawa, Potowatomi, ...

    Territorial disputes between French and British colonists helped start the French and Indian War as part of the larger Seven Years' War, which took place from 1754 to 1763 and resulted in the defeat of France. As part of the Treaty of Paris, the French ceded all of their North American colonies east of the Mississippi River to Britain. Thus the fut...

    During the American Revolution, the local European population, who were primarily American colonists that supported independence, rebelled against Britain. The British, with the help of local tribes, continually attacked American settlements in the region starting in 1776 and conquered Detroit. In 1781, Spanish raiders led by a French Captain Eugen...

    Agriculture remained the main economic activity before 1860. During the early 1840s, large deposits of copper and iron ores were discovered on the Upper Peninsula. Michigan became the leading U.S. source of these ores by the end of the century, thanks to the influx of experienced Cornish miners (from England) to supervise operations. Michigan remai...

    Civil War

    Michigan actively participated in the American Civil War sending thousands of volunteers. A study of the cities of Grand Rapids and Niles shows an overwhelming surge of nationalism in 1861, whipping up enthusiasm for the war in all segments of society, and all political, religious, ethnic, and occupational groups. However, by 1862 the casualties were mounting and the war was increasingly focused on freeing the slaves in addition to preserving the Union. Copperhead Democrats called the war a f...

    Gilded Age

    After the war, the local economy became more varied and began to prosper. During the 1870s, the lumbering, railroads, dairy farming and diversified industry grew rapidly in the state. This led to the rise of several wealthy socialite families such as the Hartwick family. The population doubled between 1870 and 1890. Toward the end of the century, the state government established a state school system on the German model, with public schools, high schools, normal schools or colleges for traini...

    Pingree

    In 1896, Detroit Mayor Hazen Pingree, a Yankee Republican, was elected governor. He was a social reformer who battled corporations and was an early leader of the Progressive Movement. During his four-year term, he promoted the regulation of railroad rates, equal taxation, and municipal ownership of public utilities. He also supported the direct election of U.S. senators; an eight-hour workday; an income tax; primary elections; the referendum, the abolition of child labor, and compulsory arbit...

    Urban Michigan grew rapidly in the early 20th century, pulled along by the automobile industry in Detroit and vicinity. The breakfast cereal industry was based in Battle Creek where two Kelloggs and a Post built on the local Seventh-day Adventistheritage and put the city on the map. Less flamboyantly, thousands of machine shops opened in medium and...

    The entry of the United States into World War II in 1941 the same year ended the economic contraction in Michigan. Wartime required the large-scale production of weapons and military vehicles, leading to a massive number of new jobs being filled. After the end of the war, both the automotive and copper mining industries recovered. Starting during W...

    Surveys and reference

    1. Bald, F. Clever, Michigan in Four Centuries(1961) 2. Browne, William P. and Kenneth VerBurg. Michigan Politics & Government: Facing Change in a Complex StateUniversity of Nebraska Press. 1995. 3. Catton, Bruce. Michigan: A Bicentennial History(1976) popular, focus on 19th century. 4. Daly, Matthew L., ed. Michigan Encyclopedia 2008-2009(2008), 1354 pages re: geography, archaeology, state and local history, governors, etc. 5. Dunbar, Willis F. and George S. May. Michigan: A History of the W...

    Historiography

    1. Editors. "50 Essential Books on Michigan History" Michigan History Magazine (2002) 86#3 online 2. Hathaway, Richard J., ed. Michigan: Visions of Our Past(1989), articles by scholars 3. Kestenbaum, Justin L., ed. The Making of Michigan, 1820-1860: A Pioneer Anthology(1990). 4. May, George, and Herbert Brinks, eds. A Michigan Reader: 11,000 B.C. to A.D. 1865(1974) 5. Warner, Robert M., and C. Warren Vander Hill, eds. A Michigan Reader: 1865 to the Present(1974)

    Specialty studies

    1. Barnard, John. Walter Reuther and the Rise of the Auto Workers(1983) 2. Berthelot, Helen W. Win Some, Lose Some: G. Mennen Williams and the New Democrats(1995), governor in 1950s 3. Boles, Frank. "Michigan Newspapers: A Two-Hundred-Year Review," Michigan Historical Review (2010) 36#12 pp 30–69 online 4. Buley, R. Carlyle. The Old Northwest: Pioneer Period; 1815-1840(2 vol. 1951); Pulitzer Prize 5. Clive, Alan. State of War: Michigan in World War II(U of Michigan Press, 1979) 6. Dunbar, Wil...

    Bureau of Business Research, Wayne State U. Michigan Statistical Abstract(1987).
    Michigan, State of. Michigan Manual(annual), elaborate detail on state government.
    Michigan Historical ReviewCentral Michigan University (quarterly).
  3. O Michigan é um estado localizado na Região Centro-Oeste dos Estados Unidos. De acordo com o Censo dos Estados Unidos de 2010, é o 8º estado mais populoso possuindo cerca de 9,884,129 habitantes, [1] e o 22º maior por área de terra quilômetros quadrados. [2] O Michigan é dividido em 83 condados e contém 533 municípios incorporados ...